On 18 April 2018, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved osimertinib (Tagrisso, AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP) for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumours have epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletions or exon 21 L858R mutations, as detected by an FDA-approved test.
Approval was based on a multicentre, international, randomised, double-blind, active-controlled trial (FLAURA, NCT02296125) conducted in 556 patients with EGFR exon 19 deletion or exon 21 L858R mutation-positive, unresectable or metastatic NSCLC who had not received previous systemic treatment for advanced disease. Patients were randomised (1:1) to receive osimertinib 80 mg orally once daily or standard-of-care (SoC) treatment of gefitinib 250 mg or erlotinib 150 mg orally once daily. Of those randomised to SoC, 20% received osimertinib as the next line of antineoplastic therapy.
The estimated median progression-free survival (PFS) was 18.9 months (95% CI: 15.2, 21.4) in the osimertinib arm and 10.2 months (95% CI: 9.6, 11.1) in the SoC arm (hazard ratio 0.46 (95% CI: 0.37, 0.57), p < 0.0001). The confirmed overall response rate was 77% for the osimertinib arm and 69% for the SoC arm. The estimated median response durations for the osimertinib and SoC arms were 17.6 and 9.6 months, respectively. At the time of the primary PFS analysis, there were too few deaths to estimate or compare overall survival.
The most common adverse reactions (occurring in at least 20% of patients treated with osimertinib) were diarrhoea, rash, dry skin, nail toxicity, stomatitis, and decreased appetite. Serious adverse reactions were reported in 4% of patients treated with osimertinib. The most common serious adverse reactions (≥1%) were pneumonia (2.9%), interstitial lung disease/pneumonitis (2.1%), and pulmonary embolism (1.8%).
The recommended dose of osimertinib is 80 mg orally once daily, with or without food.
Full prescribing information is available here.
FDA granted this application Priority review and Breakthrough designation.
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