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FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Zanubrutinib for Relapsed or Refractory Follicular Lymphoma

Efficacy for evidence is based on the results from the Study BGB-3111-212
22 Mar 2024
Targeted Therapy

On 7 March 2024, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to zanubrutinib (Brukinsa, BeiGene USA, Inc.) with obinutuzumab for relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma (FL) after two or more lines of systemic therapy.

The regimen was evaluated in Study BGB-3111-212 (ROSEWOOD; NCT03332017), an open-label, multicentre, randomised study that enroled 217 adult patients with relapsed or refractory FL after at least 2 prior systemic treatments. Patients were randomised (2:1) to receive either zanubrutinib 160 mg orally twice daily until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity plus obinutuzumab (ZO), or obinutuzumab alone. The median number of prior lines of therapy was 3 (range 2-11).

Efficacy was based on overall response rate (ORR) and duration of response (DoR) determined by an independent review committee. ORR was 69% (95% confidence interval [CI] 61, 76) in the ZO arm and 46% (95% CI 34, 58) in the obinutuzumab arm (two-sided p-value = 0.0012). With a median follow-up of 19.0 months, the median DoR was not reached in the ZO arm (95% CI 25.3 months, NE) and was 14.0 months (95% CI 9.2, 25.1) for those patients receiving obinutuzumab monotherapy. The estimated DoR rate at 18 months was 69% (95% CI 58, 78) in the ZO arm.

Across clinical trials of zanubrutinib, the most common adverse reactions (≥30%), including laboratory abnormalities, were decreased neutrophil counts (51%) and platelet counts (41%), upper respiratory tract infection (38%), haemorrhage (32%), and musculoskeletal pain (31%). Serious adverse reactions occurred in 35% of patients with FL who received ZO.

The recommended zanubrutinib dosage is 160 mg taken orally twice daily or 320 mg taken orally once daily until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

This review used the Assessment Aid, a voluntary submission from the applicant to facilitate the FDA’s assessment.

This application was granted fast track designation and orphan drug designation.

Healthcare professionals should report all serious adverse events suspected to be associated with the use of any medicine and device to FDA’s MedWatch Reporting System.

For assistance with single-patient INDs for investigational oncology products, healthcare professionals may contact FDA’s Oncology Center of Excellence Project Facilitate.

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