Published in 2017 – Ann Oncol (2017) 28 (suppl 4): iv22–iv40
Authors: R. Glynne-Jones, L. Wyrwicz, E. Tiret, G. Brown, C. Rödel, A. Cervantes and D. Arnold
Evidence shows that rectal cancer is distinct from colon cancer, with different aetiologies and risk factors possibly reflecting different environmental exposures. These updated guidelines provide recommendations for the treatment and management of rectal cancer including follow-up, long-term implications and survivorship. Also included are new diagnosis, staging and treatment algorithms that address the treatment of local recurrence and metastatic disease.