On 7 February 2018, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved abiraterone acetate (Zytiga, Janssen Biotech Inc.) tablets in combination with for metastatic high-risk castration-sensitive prostate cancer (CSPC).
FDA initially approved abiraterone acetate with prednisone in 2011 for patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) who had received prior chemotherapy, and expanded the indication in 2012 for patients with metastatic CRPC.
The current approval was based on LATITUDE (NCT01715285), a placebo controlled international clinical trial that randomised 1,199 patients with metastatic high-risk CSPC. Patients received either abiraterone acetate, 1,000 mg orally once daily with prednisone 5 mg once daily (n=597), or placebos orally once daily (n=602). Patients in both arms received a gonadotropin releasing hormone or had a bilateral orchiectomy. The major efficacy endpoint was overall survival (OS). Median OS was not estimable and 34.7 months in the abiraterone acetate and placebos arms, respectively (HR 0.621; 95% CI: 0.509, 0.756; p < 0.0001). The median time-to-initiation of chemotherapy was not reached for patients on abiraterone acetate with prednisone and 38.9 months for those receiving placebos (HR 0.44; 95% CI: 0.35, 0.56; p < 0.0001).
The most common adverse reactions in at least 5% of patients receiving abiraterone acetate on LATITUDE were hypertension, hot flush, hypokalaemia, increased alanine aminotransferase or aspartate aminotransferase, headache, urinary tract infection, upper respiratory tract infection, and cough.
The recommended dose for Zytiga for metastatic CSPC is 1,000 mg orally once daily with prednisone 5 mg orally once daily. Patients receiving ZYTIGA should also receive a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogue concurrently or should have had bilateral orchiectomy.
Full prescribing information is available here.
FDA granted priority review for this application and it was approved more than a month ahead of the due date.
Healthcare professionals should report all serious adverse events suspected to be associated with the use of any medicine and device to FDA’s MedWatch Reporting System.