On 20 July 2017, Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharma EEIG officially notified the European Medicines Agency’s (EMA’s) Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) that it wishes to withdraw its application for a new use of nivolumab (Opdivo) in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.
Opdivo is a cancer medicine that contains the active substance nivolumab and is available as a concentrate that is made up into a solution for infusion into a vein.
Opdivo has been authorised since June 2015. It is already used for advanced melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, renal cell carcinoma, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, squamous cell cancer of the head and neck, and urothelial cancer.
Opdivo was also expected to be used for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma in adults who had previously been treated with sorafenib.
The active substance in Opdivo, nivolumab, is a monoclonal antibody, a protein that has been designed to target PD-1 on T cells. Cancer cells can produce proteins (PD-L1 and PD-L2) that attach to PD-1 receptor and switch off the activity of the T cells, preventing them from attacking the cancer. By attaching to the receptor, nivolumab prevents PD-L1 and PD-L2 from switching off the T cells, thereby increasing the immune system’s ability to kill cancer cells. In hepatocellular carcinoma, Opdivo is expected to work in the same way as it does in its existing indications.
The company mainly provided results from a study involving 145 adults with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma who received Opdivo and had previously been treated with sorafenib. Opdivo was not directly compared with any other medicine. The main measure of effectiveness was overall response rate.
The application was withdrawn after the CHMP had evaluated the documentation provided by the company and formulated lists of questions. After the CHMP had assessed the company’s responses to the questions, there were still some unresolved issues.
Based on the review of the data and the company’s response to the CHMP lists of questions, at the time of the withdrawal, the CHMP had some concerns and was of the provisional opinion that Opdivo could not have been approved for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma in adults who had previously been treated with sorafenib.
The CHMP was of the opinion that the study results provided by the company were insufficient to determine the benefit of Opdivo in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. The study did not compare Opdivo directly with other treatments and there was insufficient information about patients in the study to be able to properly compare the results with those of other studies. Therefore, the CHMP concluded that the medicine could not have been approved based on the data presented by the company.
In its letter notifying the Agency of the withdrawal of application, the company stated that despite the promising data shown for Opdivo in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma, uncertainties about the design of the main study did not allow the CHMP to conclude that the benefit outweighed the risk at the present time.
The company informed the CHMP that the withdrawal does not have any consequences for patients currently included in clinical trials using Opdivo
If you are in a clinical trial and need more information about your treatment, contact the doctor who is giving it to you.
There are no consequences on the use of Opdivo in its authorised uses.