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ESMO Patient Guides COVID19 1000x250

Autologous stem cell support

A medical procedure to replace stem cells that have been damaged or destroyed with healthy stem cells taken from the bloodstream of the patient prior to starting chemotherapy or radiotherapy


A type of chemotherapy that is administered through a drip into a vein in your arm or chest

Brentuximab vedotin

A type of targeted therapy that consists of an antibody joined to a chemotherapy drug. It is administered through a drip into a vein in your arm or chest


A type of cancer treatment using medicine that kills the cancer cells by damaging them so that they cannot reproduce and spread

Clinical trial

A study that compares the effects of one treatment with another

Curative (treatment)

A treatment that is intended to cure the cancer


A type of cancer treatment that stimulates the body’s immune system to fight the cancer

Maintenance therapy

Treatment that is given to help keep cancer from coming back after it has disappeared following the initial therapy

Myelosuppressive (treatment)

Treatment that stops or slows the growth of blood-forming cells in the bone marrow


An abnormally low level of neutrophils in the blood, which increases risk of infection


A type of white blood cell that play an important role in fighting off infection


Treatment given to relieve symptoms and reduce the suffering caused by cancer

Positron emission tomography

An imaging test that uses a dye with radioactive tracers, which is injected into a vein in your arm

Prophylactic growth factors

Growth factors can reduce complications of chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression. They can prevent neutropenia and improve quality of life


Treatment involving the use of high-energy radiation, which is commonly used to treat cancer


Treatment plan

Relapsed (disease)

A disease that has returned after a period of improvement

Stem cells

Cells that can develop into many different cell types

Systemic (therapy)

Drugs that spread throughout the body to treat cancer cells wherever they may be. They include chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy

Targeted therapy

A type of cancer treatment that uses drugs or other substances to precisely identify and attack cancer cells, usually while doing little damage to normal cells

White blood cells

A type of blood cell that is part of the body’s immune system. White blood cells help the body fight infections

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