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ESMO Patient Guides COVID19 1000x250

Chemotherapy

A type of cancer treatment using medicine that kills the cancer cells by damaging them so that they cannot reproduce and spread

Coronavirus

A group of viruses that cause disease in mammals and birds but may also affect humans

COVID-19

A disease caused by a type of coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2

Curative (treatment)

A treatment that is intended to cure the cancer

Immunosuppressive drugs

Types of drugs that suppress or reduce the strength of the body's immune system

Maintenance therapy

Treatment that is given to help keep cancer from coming back after it has disappeared following the initial therapy

Myelosuppressive (treatment)

Treatment that stops or slows the growth of blood-forming cells in the bone marrow

Neutropenia

An abnormally low level of neutrophils (a type of white blood cell) in the blood, which increases risk of infection

Neutrophils

A type of white blood cell that play an important role in fighting off infection. They serve as the primary defense against infections by destroying bacteria, bacterial fragments and immunoglobulin-bound viruses in the blood

Pandemic

A disease that is prevalent around the world

Prophylactic growth factors

Growth factors can reduce complications of chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression. They can prevent neutropenia and improve quality of life

Radiotherapy

Treatment involving the use of high-energy radiation, which is commonly used to treat cancer

Regimen

Treatment plan

White blood cell

A type of blood cell that is part of the body’s immune system. White blood cells help the body fight infections

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